The long and interesting history of plastic surgery could be traced to the ancient times. Doctors or medical practioners in old India started using skin grafts to reconstruct human skin spots within the 8th century BC.

An old Indian surgeon named Susrutha made the very first recorded nose construction. He used a portion or some skin from a forehead. During that time, nose amputations were punishable by old Indian laws.

Several millennium later, the Romans performed simple techniques like repairing damaged ears. In Europe, Dr Heinrich von Pfolspeundt conducted a simple plastic surgery by removing skin coming from the arm’s back and sutured it in place.

However, the practice and science of plastic surgey advanced and became common only within the 19th and 20th centuries. It was because in the old times, too much danger was attributed to plastic surgeries.

In the United States, Dr John Peter Mettauer was the first American cosmetic surgeon. The first cosmetic surgery operation he performed would be a cleft palate operation in which dates back to 1827. He designed their own instruments and operation materials.

The father of modern plastic surgery is Sir Harold Gillies. He could develop a number of techniques for modern plastic surgery. Sir Gillies centered on patients who suffered facial injuries during The first world war.

Defining cosmetic surgery

The word cosmetic surgery is really a general term talking about manual or instrumental treatment or operation performed for aesthetic or functional reasons or purposes.

The word ‘plastic’ from plastic surgey develops from a Greek ancient word ‘plastikos’ that means to shape or to mold.

There are two principal or main areas or fields of cosmetic surgery to date. Included in this are:

o Reconstructive cosmetic surgery. El born area of cosmetic surgery focuses on masking or undoing destructions hard or other external parts of the body. This type of plastic surgey include closing defects bu grafting skin with regional, local or distant flaps. With the procedure tissues using their company parts of the body is used in another part.

o Aesthetic or cosmetic surgery is easily the most common form of plastic surgery nowadays. This type of cosmetic surgery is more often than not made to modify or improve features in the face or body that the patient finds ugly or unflattering. Examples of this kind of plastic surgery are breast reduction or breast implantation.

Related disciplines to cosmetic surgery

From the background and the two broad regions of plastic surgeries, it can still be further subdivided. The American Board of Plastic Surgery also includes the research or further advancement in the following related specific disciplines:

o Craniofacial surgery. This type of plastic surgery involves the treatment or surgery to align or modify congenital or in-born physical defects, It includes cleft lip palate, craniosynostosis along with other defects in the face due to in born causes and physical development.

o Hand surgery is another discipline where cosmetic surgeons are trained. They receive full training in the discipline.

o Maxillofacial surgery is one form of cosmetic surgery that involves maxilla or jaw and face. The area grew or sprang from the contributions and advancements in both oral surgeries and plastic surgeries. Types of operations in this discipline are fractures in the jaw as well as in the face area that may have arisen from accidents or brawls.

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